Dovber Schneuri (1773-11-13 - 1827-11-16 OS) was the second Rebbe (spiritual leader) of the Chabad Lubavitch Chasidic movement. Rabbi Dovber was the first Chabad rebbe to live in the town of Lyubavichi (now in present-day Russia), the town for which this Hasidic dynasty is named. He is also known as the Mitteler Rebbe ("Middle Rebbe" in Yiddish), being the second of the first three generations of Chabad leaders.
Chabad Chasidism, founded by Schneur Zalman of Liadi, developed separately from mainstream Chasisism, that had begun with the Baal Shem Tov. It sought to articulate Chasidic philosophy in intellectual analysis and understanding, so that it could awaken personal, inner transformation. Each Chabad Rebbe successively broadened and explained Chasidus into greater comprehension. The works of Dovber Schneuri expanded on this internalisation of Chasidic thought. Illustrative of this is his "tract on ecstacy", a singular document in Judaism, that instructs the devotee in the intellectual and emotional stages in Chabad meditation. It differentiates between general Chasidism's outer emotional enthusism in deveikus (mystical fervour), with the Chabad ideal of inward, intellectually formed ecstacy.
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